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Hon. Consul General of the Republic of Kazakhstan in New York, Mr. Almat Aidarbekov joins the Rotary Club of New York International Breakfast Meeting at the UN – Virtual

About this Event

Mr. Almat Aidarbekov started his career at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan in 1998 as a desk officer at the Asia, Middle East and Africa Division of the Fourth Department.

In 1999-2000, he held position of Attaché at the Department for Bilateral Cooperation. In 2000, he was posted as Attaché at the Embassy of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the Republic of Turkey.

In March, 2003 he returned to the Foreign Ministry and held consecutive positions of Second and First Secretary at the Department of Europe and the Americas.

From 2004 to 2007, Mr. Aidarbekov was posted as Head of Consular Section at the Embassy of Kazakhstan to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

In 2007-2014, he served as Second, Third Secretary and later as Counselor of the Embassy of Kazakhstan in the United States.

In 2014-2019, he held several high ranking positions at the Foreign Policy Division of the Presidential Administration of Kazakhstan.

Mr. Aidarbekov has served as Consul General of the Republic of Kazakhstan in New York since November 1, 2019.

He has a Master’s degree in Public Management from Carnegie Mellon University and undergraduate degree in International Relations from Ankara University.

He speaks English, Russian and Turkish, and holds the diplomatic rank of Counselor of First Class.

Almat Aidarbekov is married with three children.

Register here: https://www.eventbrite.com/e/rotary-club-of-new-york-international-breakfast-at-the-un-virtual-tickets-118974793811

Featured

NYS TESOL Journal published Dr. Cowin’s “Simulation-Based Learning Environment: A Training Tool for TESOL Teacher Candidates”

simSchool screenshot of virtual classroom

simSchool: screenshot of virtual classroom environment training module.

I am pleased to announce the publication of my Materials Review:

Cowin, J. B. (2020). simSchool’s Simulation-Based Learning Environment: A Training Tool for TESOL Teacher Candidates. NYS TESOL Journal, 7(2), 44-46. Retrieved 2020, from http://journal.nystesol.org/currentissue.html

Many thanks to the helpful direction of the Editor-in-Chief Lubie Grujicic-Alatriste, New York City, College of Technology, City University of New York.

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Journal of Higher Education Theory and Practice Publication: Access and Equity: Computers for Schools Burundi by Dr. Jasmin Bey Cowin

Keywords: Higher Education, Practice, education, information and communication technology (ICT), access, equity, computers for schools Burundi, African

It is my pleasure to announce the publication of my article in the Journal of Higher Education Theory and Practice:
Cowin, J. B. (2020). Access and Equity: Computers for Schools Burundi. Journal of Higher Education Theory and Practice20(3). https://doi.org/10.33423/jhetp.v20i3.2970

Keywords: Higher Education, Practice, education, information and communication technology (ICT), access, equity, computers for schools Burundi, African

Abstract

Although information and communication technology (ICT) has been used in various parts of the world to improve access to and the quality of education, educational systems in many African nations still face challenges around access to, equity in, and accessibility of ICT. Such issues are widespread in public education throughout Burundi. To resolve these issues, all stakeholders, including nongovernmental organizations, not-for-profit organizations, schools, communities, and employers in the education sector, must recognize and facilitate educational liberation leading to the social transformation of Burundi’s educational system. It is especially important to include previously disadvantaged communities. This paper outlines and contextualizes the quest of Computers for Schools Burundi to improve access to and equity in ICT literacy skills for Burundian youth from kindergarten–Grade 12.

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Dr. Jasmin Bey Cowin Presents “Tips and Resources on Teaching Math Online to English Learners”, a NYS TESOL Webinar

NYS TESOL Webinars

All are welcome to participate in our webinars! 

  • All webinars are listed in Eastern time (NYC time zone)
  • Pre-registration is required, no later than 1 hour prior to the start of the session. 
  • 30 minutes before the session begins, you will receive an email with a join link.  Please do not share this link on any social media platforms to preserve the integrity of the sessions. 
  • Members will be prioritized when the session reaches capacity
  • Only members can apply for CTLE. Follow this link to apply for CTLE.  Join now for these benefits!
  • To register for any upcoming webinars, click here: https://bit.ly/nystesolwebinar.

Dr. Jasmin Bey Cowin presents “Tips and Resources on Teaching Math Online to English Learners” on 8/20/2020 at 2 pm

Explore different online tools such as Desmos Activities .

Key Math vocabulary for ELLs in Preproduction, Early Production, Speech Emergence, (Krashen & Terrell, 1983).
• Number words, including cardinal (three) and ordinal (third) form
• Words related to basic mathematical operations:
• Addition, add, sum, plus
• Subtraction, subtract, difference, minus
• Multiplication, multiply, product, times
• Division, divide, quotient
• Equals

Featured

The Virtual NYS TESOL 50th Annual Conference Schedule featuring Diane Larsen-Freeman, Ofelia García, Stephen Krashen

The New York State Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages is delighted to announce its speaker schedule for The Virtual NYS TESOL 50th Annual Conference.

The dates: 11/13/2020 – 11/14/2020 from 9:00 AM – 4:00 PM.

The Virtual NYS TESOL 50th Annual Conference will be inclusive of all our members across New York State and around the world! 

We have intentionally designed a compassionate virtual conference – a place to connect, learn and above all share how much we care about our multilingual learners, their families, and each other. 

The two days will be filled with rich opportunities to learn, share, and interact with educators of multilingual learners at all levels. Conference activities include three types of concurrent sessions: 45-minute interactive workshops, 25-minute practice or research-focused presentations, quick 15-minute teaching tips as well as fun coffee breaks and lunches with incredible keynote speakers.

Registration & Fees
The conference fee includes the full two days of conference activities, access to recordings of all sessions, and NYS TESOL membership through 2021.
2020 Member $75
Click here to register

If you would like to make a donation to support NYS TESOL in honor of our 50th anniversary, click here!

Schedule at a Glance

Friday, November 13, 2020

9:00-9:10Opening Remarks by NYS TESOL President Laura Baecher
9:15-9:45Plenary 1: Okhee Lee
10:00-10:45 Concurrent Sessions
11:00-11:30 Coffee Klatsch with TESOL Great Diane Larsen-Freeman
11:45-12:15Plenary 2: Ofelia García
12:30-1:15TESOL Expert Brown-Bag Conversation with Luciana de Oliveira
1:30-2:30 Hands-on Workshops

More than Scaffolding Reading: Validating, Affirming, Honoring ELs Valentina Gonzalez
Teaching Immigration Through Film: A Workshop for Secondary Educators Tatyana Kleyn
Culturally Sustaining-Responsive Instructional Reading Approaches for Emergent Adolescent Readers Jody Polleck
Migrant Students and Trauma – Part 1 Michael O’Loughlin and Susanne Marcus
The Altruistic Shield: Moving Past Racial Discomfort and White Fragility Justin Gerald
Standing up for Our Community: an Upstander Workshop for Teachers Sarah Creider
Virtual Study Abroad Collaboration Devin Thornburg and Óscar Ceballos
2:45-3:15Afternoon Tea with TESOL expert Diane Staehr Fenner
3:30-4:00Plenary 3:  Deborah Short
4:15-5:00Award Ceremony Celebrate Students and Educators

Saturday, November 14, 2020

9:00-9:10Opening Remarks by NYS TESOL President Laura Baecher
9:15-9:45Plenary 1: Elisa Alvarez
10:00-10:45 Concurrent Sessions
11:00-11:30Coffee Klatsch with TESOL great Stephen Krashen 
11:45-12:15Plenary 2: Alicja Winnicki and Elsa Nuñes
12:30-1:15TESOL Expert Brown-Bag Conversation with Emily Francis
1:30-2:30 Hands-on Workshops Migrant Students and Trauma – Part 2 Michael O’Loughlin and Susanne Marcus
Advancing the Language & Literacy Needs of Adolescent Newcomers Rebecca Curinga and Ingrid Heidrick
The Synchronous Online Flipped Learning Approach – An 8-Step Cycle Helaine Marshall
Engaging All Students in Learning Science Through Functional Use of Language Emily Kang and Okhee Lee
Creating Breakout Rooms with Google Meet to Encourage Live Collaboration Tan Huynh
Addressing Perceptions and Stereotypes in Interracial Friendships and Teacher-Student Relationships within Diverse School Communities Ming-Hsuan Wu and Sonna Opstad
Determining Language Difference from Disability Jamie Scripps
Taller de Bitmoji Esther Park and Suzy Cáceres

Deepen Learning with PBL Virtual Field Trips Frederic Lim
Culturally-Responsive and Sustaining Practices Odette Clarke and Max Chang
Texts, Topic, Translanguaging: A Framework for Teaching Bilingual/ Multilingual Students Carla España and Luz Yadira Herrera
2:45-3:15NYS TESOL SIGs/ Regions Tea and Conversation
3:30-4:00Plenary 3: Andrea Honigsfeld and Maria Dove
4:15-5:00Toast the 50th!Honor 50 Past Presidents and Installation of New Board
Featured

The Rotary Club of New York United Nations International Breakfast Meetings present: Ambassador Otgonbayar Yondon – Ambassador of the Mongolian Republic

The Rotary Club of New York United Nations International Breakfast Meetings present: Ambassador Otgonbayar Yondon – Ambassador of the Mongolian Republic

As Chair of the RCNY International Breakfast Meetings it is my pleasure to announce our guest for our next Zoom meeting: Ambassador Otgonbayar Yondon – Ambassador of the Mongolian Republic

https://www.eventbrite.com/e/rcny-international-breakfast-tickets-117026711043 Please register on Eventbrite for Wed, August 19, 20209:00 AM – 10:00 AM EDT

Yondon Otgonbayar, a long-time member of his country’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, presented his credentials to President Donald Trump as Mongolia’s ambassador to the United States on March 28, 2018. He had nominated to the position on May 25, 2017.

Otgonbayar was born August 3, 1965. He attended School #52 in Ulaanbaator, Mongolia’s capital, before serving a hitch in the army as a member of the 282nd Infantry Regiment. In 1983, he left for the Moscow Institute of Foreign Relations, finishing in 1989. He returned to that school later, in 2005, and added a Ph.D. He also earned a post-graduate diploma at the School of Marketing and Management in New Delhi, India, in 1995.

Otgonbayar joined Mongolia’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1989 as first secretary in the Department of Asia. In 1991, he was sent to India as second secretary in the embassy in New Delhi. Otgonbayar was then put in the Department of International Organizations and served in 1996-1997 in Mongolia’s mission to the United Nations.

In 1997, Otgonbayar left government to be the CEO and director of Bayangol Hotel. He returned to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 2000 as first secretary in the Department of Policy Planning and the following year was made foreign policy adviser to Prime Minister Nambaryn Enkhbayar.

Otgonbayar left the Foreign Ministry in 2004 to become secretary general of the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party (MPRP), now the Mongolian People’s Party. At the time, Mongolia was doing a lot of trading with China after years of being a client state of the Soviet Union. Otgonbayar worked to encourage trade with the United States, Japan, South Korea and the European Union as well. In 2006, Otgonbayar added leadership of the Ulaanbaator branch of the MPRP to his party duties.

Otgonbayar was made minister of education, culture and science in 2008. He was elected to parliament in 2012 from Bulgan, a province along the border with Russia. In 2016, Otgonbayar was named vice minister of education, culture, science and sports, a post he held until going to Washington.

Otgonbayar is married and has two children. He speaks English, Russian and Hindi. (Steve Straehley)

Featured

Prof. Jasmin Cowin at the 2020 NAFSA eConnection On-Demand Content Area!

The 2020 NAFSA eConnection On-Demand Content Area eConnection attendees had a unique opportunity to view virtual sessions and posters, and listen to audio presentations at their own pace throughout July.

eConnection attendees had a unique opportunity to view virtual sessions and posters, and listen to audio presentations at their own pace throughout July. The poster fair launched on Day 2 of eConnection (May 27, 2020), our Learning day. The sessions launched on Day 5 of eConnection (June 17, 2020), our Looking Into the Future.

Featured

Touro College TESOL Candidate Evelyn Ramos’ Materials Critique

Touro TESOL candidate Evelyn Ramos earned a dual bachelor’s degree in Adolescence Education Spanish (7-12) and Spanish Language, Hispanic Literature and Culture. She graduated in 2016 with Cum Laude honors. Her teaching career started 3 years ago in 2017 at Brentwood Union Free School district as a bilingual language teacher. She currently teaches Home Language Arts to 7th & 8th graders at East Middle school. “I choose to return back to Brentwood to give back to the community that gave so much to me. I started my graduate degree in 2017 and will graduate on June 16th, 2020 with a master’s degree in TESOL. I have accomplished all this being a mother to two beautiful girls, a wife, daughter, sister, and granddaughter.”

Touro TESOL candidate Evelyn Ramos earned a dual bachelor’s degree in Adolescence Education Spanish (7-12) and Spanish Language, Hispanic Literature and Culture. She graduated in 2016 with Cum Laude honors. Her teaching career started 3 years ago in 2017 at Brentwood Union Free School district as a bilingual language teacher. She currently teaches Home Language Arts to 7th & 8th graders at East Middle school. “I choose to return back to Brentwood to give back to the community that gave so much to me. I started my graduate degree in 2017 and will graduate on June 16th, 2020 with a master’s degree in TESOL. I have accomplished all this being a mother to two beautiful girls, a wife, daughter, sister, and granddaughter.”

Materials Critique Assignment

Evaluation and Selection

Choose 3 chapters/sections OR 3 books (either from a textbook series, library, or a set of supplemental texts to review). Prepare a written description minimum 2 pages per chapter/book/resource and critique of the material or resource, analyzing its effectiveness for ELL students.

You will need to answer to each

  • Level of content familiarity or background knowledge
  • Level of language
  • Level of textual support
  • Level of cultural fit
  • Redesign one section/activity of the original material so that it meets the need of ELLs.

Level of content familiarity or background knowledge

How close a fit is the text to the English learner’s content knowledge or background experiences?

  • What content and concepts are presented in the text? What is the content/conceptual load of the text? Basic and familiar? New but general? New and specialized?
  • Is this presentation an introduction to the content and concepts or is it continued conceptual development at a higher level?
  • What is the English learner’s level of content familiarity or background knowledge related to the content and concepts? Is the concept very familiar, familiar, unfamiliar, or not common?

Submission: Student Background

For this material critique, I observed three different teachers. I choose one book from the 6th-grade entering class, one book from the 7th grade emerging/transitioning course, and one both from the 8th grade emerging/transitioning class. The 8th-grade class is made up of five students. All students are in the 8th grade and are Spanish speaking students who are from Honduras, Ecuador, and El Salvador. The six students are classified as English language learners. They are classified at the emerging, transitioning, and expanding performance level; three students are transitioning, two students are emerging, and one student is expanding. Students a heterogeneously grouped by their language proficiency in the target language and academic knowledge in their home language. All of them have been in-country and in a U.S. school setting for less than 3 to 4 years. They have developed literacy skills in both their native and English language. However, all six students feel more comfortable in their native language than English. An exceptionality in the class is that the expanding student was in an integrated ELA class. Still, the ELA/ENL teacher recommends that the student be placed back into a stand-alone ENL/ELA class due to her language proficiency. Class is made up of 6 students in a stand-alone ENL/ELA setting. In this setting, there is one teacher dual certified in ELA & ENL. All instructions take place within the classroom during a block of two periods (45 minutes each). Students sit in tables of 2 or 3 and work in pairs. The co-operating teacher uses peer editing, pair-work, turn & talk, visual aids, and gallery walk to help students comprehend the target language. 

The 6th-grade class is made up of twelve students. All students are in the 6th grade and are Spanish speaking students who are from Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador. The twelve students are classified as English language learners. They are classified at the entering performance level. Students are heterogeneously grouped by their language proficiency in their target language and academic knowledge in the home language. All of them have been in-country and in a U.S. school setting for less than one year. Students can speak and read well in their native language. However, their writing skills are weak in their native language. Class is made up of 12 students in a stand-alone ENL/ELA setting. In this setting, there is one teacher dual certified in ELA & ENL. All instructions take place within the classroom during one period (45 minutes). Students sit in tables of 5 or 6 and work in pairs. Students feel more comfortable using the native language, and the co-operating teacher uses cognates, visual aids, and TPS to help the students understand the target language. 

The 7th-grade class is made up of sixteen students. All students are in the 7th grade and are Spanish speaking students, who are from Honduras, Guatemala, Dominican Republic, and El Salvador. The fifteen students are classified as English language learners. They are classified at the emerging and transitioning performance level; 10 students are transitioning, and six students are emerging. Students are heterogeneously grouped by their language proficiency in their target language and academic knowledge in the home language. All of them have been in-country and in a U.S. school setting for 1-3 years. Students can speak and read well in their native language. However, their writing skills are weak in their native language. Class is made up of 16 students in a stand-alone ENL/ELA setting. In this setting, there is one teacher dual certified in ELA & ENL. All instructions take place within the classroom during a block of two periods (45 minutes each). Students sit in groups of 3 to 5 and work in pairs. Students feel more comfortable using the native language, and the co-operating teacher uses cognates, visual aids, and TPS to help the students understand the target language. 

Students are in a Bilingual/ENL program. The school is part of the Brentwood School District- East Middle School on Long Island, 6th, 7th, and 8th grade ELA/ENL classes. The school is located in a suburban community in which the majority of the community members are Hispanic and from different Latin American countries.       

Escaping to Freedom by Daniel Schulman- 8th grade

The first text I choose to talk about for this assignment is the biography “Escaping Freedom” by Daniel Schulman. This text is a narrated biography on Josiah Henson, a runaway slave escaping to freedom. The biography narratives how Josiah left the plantation with his family in search of freedom. If he did not do so, he would have been sold away and separated from his family. The text describes how the family traveled to the “promised land” and became free. The biography shows cause and effect through the text and repeats the academic vocabulary numerous times. In addition, the biography illustrates how the slaves had to use the underground railroad and left their homes with nothing but a small bag. The biography is accompanied by many pictures and illiterates that allow the students to comprehended what they are reading.

Seeking freedom and escaping freedom is a topic that not only English language learners can relate to but also students who are native speakers of English. English language learners can also relate to their personal/family experiences. Previously, the students have learned how freedom is a privilege that many people fought for throughout history. They have been exposed to the academic vocabulary and the short story “Escaping Freedom.” The gallery walk will help students visualize what many people had to go through during the time of slavery in this country. Students will go on a gallery walk around the classroom and view pictures related to the story “Escaping Freedom” and slavery. Students will answer questions about the photos.

The unit on freedom will involve teaching students about freedom, who the important historical figures of seeking freedom are, and how freedom affects our everyday lives. Several students in this class can relate to the political issues that arise in today’s society. This unit will benefit students in the future because they can apply this knowledge to real-life situations. They will learn that discrimination continues to occur in today’s societies. Students need to realize the level of freedom in different areas of the world. Additionally, this unit benefits English language learners, as it helps them learn content-specific vocabulary that they will utilize in their everyday lives. Furthermore, our English language learners will thrive from this unit on freedom because, at the end of the unit, the students will celebrate their work by presenting their essay or PowerPoint on a historical individual who fought for civil rights. Each student or pair of students will share their projects with their peers.

           The students have previous knowledge of different historical people or figures in their own country who have fought for freedom. As well as background knowledge from their social studies class on slavery and the search to escape to freedom. Front-loading essential vocabulary: before the lesson student has been practicing the vocabulary. They created post-it note vocabulary using each word. They have the post-it notes in their interactive notebook. Key Words: Assist, Capture, Escape, Freedom, Reward, Right, Slave, and travel. On another day, students had a class discussion and used accountable talk to discuss freedom and rights using the academic vocabulary. Students used the vocabulary to express and answer questions regarding their experience with freedom and rights. Reading “Escaping to Freedom.” The class has read “Escaping to Freedom” and also listened to the story. On a separate day, students have a class discussion about the cause and effect that the story provided about the main character. The teacher also went over how the key vocabulary was used in context with the story. Students will have a class discussion about what life was like during that period in history, for example, plantation life and home life. They used the 3 new things I discovered, 2 interesting facts I learned, 1 question I still have… model to discuss the lifestyle during that period. The students will then complete a gallery walk on the story to further understand as to why people escaped to freedom during the slavery era. The gallery walk will help students visualize what many people had to go through during the time of slavery in this country. Students will go on a gallery walk around the classroom and view pictures related to the story “Escaping to Freedom” and slavery. Students will answer questions related to the picture and story. The gallery walk integrates all language skills. Students will have to listen to their peers’ ideas regarding the picture, share their opinion by stating it to their peers using the target and L1 language. Also, students will have to read each prompt/question and write down their answers on the worksheet. Accountable talk sentence frames have been provided to help students communicate in the target language and support in the native language. Students had access to their interactive notebook with reference to the key vocabulary. Students have prior experience using stations and gallery walks in their class. Students have expressed interest in working in groups and learning through gallery walks.  

Students are grouped in cooperative learning groups because they can work together and help each other. 

The students are grouped primarily by their target language proficiency level involving comprehension as well as their academic knowledge in their native language. Students will also have a do now, which consists of a quick write called Collins Writing. Collins writing is used across the curriculum. This type of writing allows the learner to understand and remember the content being introduced to them. 

NYS ELA Standards:

Reading Standards for Informational text 

RI. 6.2 Determine a central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments.

RI. 6.5 Analyze how a particular sentence, paragraph, chapter, or section fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of ideas. 

Writing Standards

W. 6.9 Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. 

W. 6.10 Write routinely over extended time frames (times for research, reflection, and revision) and short time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.

Speaking and Listening Standards

SL. 6.1 Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 6 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.

SL. 6.2 Interpret information presented in diverse media and formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) and explain how it contributes to a topic, text, or issue under study. 

Language Standards 

L. 6.1 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. 

L. 6.6 Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases; gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression. 

Applicable NYS ELL Standards: 

Standard 1 – Social and Instructional Language 

 English language learners communicate for social and instructional purposes within the school setting. 

Standard 2 – Language of Language Arts 

English language learners communicate information, ideas, and concepts necessary for academic success in the content area of language arts. 

Standard 5 – Language of Social Studies 

 English language learners communicate information, ideas, and concepts necessary for academic success in the content area of social studies. 

Objectives:

Content Objective: Students will be able to discover the risks people took to free themselves and to help others gain freedom.

Language Objective: Students will be able to respond to and interpret visuals on escaping to freedom using academic vocabulary.

Key Vocabulary:

  • Assist
  • Capture
  • Escape
  • Freedom
  • Reward
  • Right
  • Slave 
  • Travel

Lesson format for : Escaping to Freedom by Daniel Schulman:

Essential Question:What risks did salves take to escape slavery?
Focus Question:How did slaves escape to gain freedom?
Academic LanguageStudents will use the key vocabulary to discuss why and how slaves escaped to freedom.
Guided Questions/Prompts:Write down as many words as you can to describe this picture.What do you notice about the traveling family?What did enslaved people and those who helped them risk by using the underground railroad?What would you do if you came across a runaway slave like Harriet Tubman? Use academic vocabulary: assist, freedom, slave, capture
Task:Warm Up –The class will complete the Do Now- Type 1 Collins Writing- Look at the wagon and objects (Cotton and Crops) on the table.  In three lines describe what you see.  The we will share out the responses. Class discussion (Teacher led)– We will go over the do now and discuss the ideas that the students came up on with the during the quick write.  The wagon and crops will be used to active prior knowledge on plantation life.Word presentation on the Aquos Interactive Board will review the agenda for the day and the step by step instructions for the gallery walk.   Think-a-loud will be used also to model how to think through the process. Teacher will also model how to use the accountable talk sheet.  Teacher will tell the students to reference their interactive notebook for the key vocabulary words.Students will go on a gallery walk around the classroom and view pictures related to the story “Escaping to Freedom” and slavery. Students will answer questions related to the picture and/or story. The gallery walk integrates all language skills.  Students will have to listen to their peers’ ideas regarding the picture, share their idea by stating it to their peer using the target and L1 language. In addition, students will have to read each prompt/question and write down their answers on the worksheet. After students will work in groups to share their ideas and explanation of each prompt/image.  Students will have the opportunity to learn and teach each other the how to respond the question and interpret the image.  In their group’s students will share their response, review and reflect on each other’s answers. Groups –  Students are heterogeneously grouped by their language proficiency in their target language and academic knowledge in the home language.   Students are grouped in cooperative learning groups, because they are able to work together and help each other.  The group will primarily be working on a think-pair-share assignment. Closure – Will review and have a class discussion on the gallery walk.  Students will share their answers and ideas with the class.  We will end the class reflecting on what we learned today and throughout the week on the topic escaping to freedom.I will close the lesson by handing out the exit slip and explaining the homework.  Students will have to complete the selection review worksheet- page 185 from their practice workbook.  

Bloom’s Knowledge Matrix:

The Knowledge DimensionRememberUnder-standApplyAnalyzeEvaluateCreate
Factslistdescribeinterpretidentifysummarizerelate
Conceptsrecallexplainapplydistinguishreorganizeconclude
Processesnamecontrastorganizeexamineopinionconstruct
Proceduresoutlineexplainwritepoint outcategorizemodel
Principlestellinterpretmodelcomparedetermineselect
Metacognitiveretellinferconstructclassifyconcludeelaborate
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Families by Ann Morris- 6th grade

The next book I chose to talk about is Families by Ann Morris. This book explains the different members of a family.  This book is a non-fiction informational text on the different kinds of families in the world.  The type of genre of the book is a photo essay.  A photo is a short piece of non-fiction. It uses photographs to give information about the topic. This photo essay is about families. The starts by reviewing the key vocabulary words regarding the family members: grandpa, grandma, uncle, aunt, cousin, father, mother, sister, brother, me, and together with a picture to make the input of the language more understandable.  The photo essay continues to explain all the things families do together.  Some of the things, families do together help another, work, play, cook, eat, and celebrate.  Finally, the photo essay ends, showing that children live in many kinds of families and that families are unique in many different ways.  One thing families have in common is that they love, share, and care for each family member no matter where in the world you are from. 

 The unit about home and family is related to English language learners.  ELLs know how to describe their home and family in the target language.  At the same time, students discover that families are all unique and look different in their own special way.  This unit will benefit students in the future because they can apply this knowledge to real-life situations. They will learn how to identify, describe, and model how their house looks like and construct their family tree.  It is essential for the students to realize the families are made up of different family members and that families care, share, and love for one another in all areas of the world. Additionally, this unit benefits English language learners, as it helps them learn content-specific vocabulary that they will utilize in their everyday lives. Furthermore, our English language learners will thrive from this unit on home and family because, at the end of the unit, the students will celebrate their work by presenting their PowerPoint on their home here and in their home country and family tree. Each student will share their project with the class or within their group.

The students have previous knowledge of the structure of the house and household items.  Students also have prior experience in their native language, the names of members that make up a family, as well as background knowledge from their Home language arts class on autobiography and personal narrative unit.  I also front-loaded the key vocabulary words before the lesson.  Students have been practicing the vocabulary words by mix and matching the words with the picture and home language translation. For example, the word family would be matched with the picture labeled “familia.”  Students also completed a rating scale for the vocabulary words than answered questions to deepen their understanding of the word. Key Words: family, together, parents, grandma, grandpa, uncle, aunt, cousin, father, mother, sister, brother, and me. Before the lesson, students had a class discussion on the family tree using the academic vocabulary.  Students used the vocabulary to complete the family tree of the Lin Family and answer questions regarding their family.  Reading “Families”: The class has read “Families” and also listened to the photo essay.  As students read and listen to the photo essay, they completed two diagrams to tell about main ideas of Families.  The main idea is given to the student. However, as they read, the learners need to find details to support the main idea.  The first main idea is that families do a lot of things together. The second main idea is that children live in many kinds of families.  Students will listen to the story as a class. Then with their group re-read the story and complete the main idea diagrams.  Once they completed the main idea diagrams the students will work with their partner to create a chant about their family.  At the end of the lesson, the students will read their chant and realize that everyone has a family, but each of them is unique and special in their own way.  Students are grouped in cooperative learning groups because they can work together and help each other.  The students are grouped primarily by their target language proficiency level involving comprehension as well as their academic knowledge in their native language.

NYS CCSS-ELA Standards:

Reading Standard

CCRA.R.2 Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development ; summarize the key supporting details and ideas. 

CCRA.R.4 Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone. 

CCRA.R.10 Read and comprehend complex literary and informational texts independently and proficiently. 

Writing Standards

CCRA.W.4 Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. 

Speaking and Listening Standards

CCRA.SL.4 Present information, findings, and supporting evidence such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, and style and appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

Language Standards 

CCRA.L.5 Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings. 

CCRA.L.6 Acquire and use a range of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when encountering an unknown term important to comprehension or expression. 

Applicable NYS ELL Standards: 

Standard 1 – Social and Instructional Language 
English language learners communicate for social and instructional purposes within the school setting. 

Standard 2 – Language of Language Arts 

English language learners communicate information, ideas and concepts necessary for academic success in the content area of language arts. 

Standard 5 – Language of Social Studies 
English language learners communicate information, ideas and concepts necessary for academic success in the content area of social studies. 

Objectives:

Content Objective: Students will be able to identify details that support the main idea about families.

Language Objective: Students will be able to write the supporting details in the main idea diagram and say a chant using words about their family.

Key Vocabulary:

  • Family
  • Together
  • Parents
  • Grandmother
  • Grandfather
  • Uncle
  • Aunt
  • Cousin
  • Father
  • Mother
  • Sister
  • Brother
  • Me

Lesson Format for Families:

Essential Question:Are all families the same?
Focus Question:What is your family like?
Academic LanguageUnderstanding the main idea and supporting it with details from the text. 
Guided Questions:What things do families do together?Do all children live in the same kind of family? How many family members are in your family?
Task:As a class we will read and listen to the photo essay on families. Then within their groups they will complete the main idea diagrams. Teacher will assist both groups as they complete the main idea diagrams. Each student will complete a chant about their family. 1. List their family members. Examples: grandmother, brothers2. Tell more about them. Tell how many. Examples: One grandma, two brothers Students will then write a chant. Tell about your family. 

Bloom’s Knowledge Matrix:

The Knowledge DimensionRememberUnder-standApplyAnalyzeEvaluateCreate
Factsrecalldescribeinterpretidentifysummarizejustify
Conceptsidentifyexplainapplybreakdownwritesupport
Processeslistexpressdemonstrateoutlinedevelopconstruct
Proceduresmatchidentifyillustratepoint outcategorizemodel
Principlestellinterpretmodelcomparedetermineselect
Metacognitivedefinedistinguishshowanalyzeexplainelaborate
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Body Works by Janine Wheeler- 7th grade

The last book I choose to talk about is Body Works by Janine Wheeler. This book explains the different parts of the body.  This book is a non-fiction informational text on the different how the body works and healthy habits.  The type of genre of the book is a science essay.  A science essay is a short piece of nonfiction that explains a specific topic that has to do with science. This science essay tells how parts of the body works. The book starts by reviewing the key vocabulary words regarding the body parts: head, shoulder, arms, hands, legs foots and etc. with a picture to make the input of the language more comprehensible.  The science essay breaks down the body parts into different sections in the book. The first section of the book describes the skeleton, then the body parts, then the heart, following with the blood.  Next the book describes the lungs, then nervous system, after that brain and finally the senses.  The science essay finally ends by describing how to keep the body healthy.  

The unit about health and body is related to English language learners because they know how describe their body parts in the target language.  At the same time students discover that the parts of the body and how they work together to keep us healthy.  This unit will benefit students in the future because they can apply this knowledge to real life situations. They will learn how to identify, describe and model how the human body functions.  It is important for the students to realize how the body functions to help communicate themselves at the doctor’s office, with the school nurse or even at the hospital. Additionally, this unit benefits English language learners, as it helps them learn content-specific vocabulary that they will utilize in their everyday lives. Furthermore, our English language learners will thrive from this unit on health and body because at the conclusion of the unit, the students will create research presentation on a human body system and present to the class. The students will work in groups of 2-3 students to complete the research project.  

The students have previous knowledge on the health and body unit.  In 7th grade students are required to take health for the entire year.  During this class students are exposed to many of the vocabulary words and health issues related to the body.  Front loading the key vocabulary is very important.  Prior to the reading lesson student have been practicing the vocabulary. They created post it note vocabulary using each word. They have the post-it notes in their interactive notebook. Key Words: skeleton, stomach, heart, lungs, muscles, nerves, brain, body system, and human body. On another day students had a class discussion and reviewed the different human body parts using a musical chant: Head, shoulders, knees and toes song.  Students labeled their own body worksheet and described the function of each body part, example head, should, eyes, ear and nose.   Reading “Body Works”: The class read “Body Works” and also listened to the science essay.  As a do now students completed a web diagram on the body parts they knew about. As students read and listen to the science essay, they will complete a main idea chart for each section of the book that illustrates a different body part.  The student will do by completing a jig saw reading assignment.  There will be four groups of four.  The home groups will be the student’s main group in class and the expert group will be divided into 4 sections: the skeleton, the muscles, the heart, and the blood.  Each expert group will read about their body part and find the main idea of that section. Students will then go back to their home group and teach each other about the body part they are experts on.  Students will listen to each classmate and complete a chart for each body part. At the end of the lesson each student will have a main idea diagram completed for each section of the book.  The exit slip will be to write the main idea of each body part: the skeleton, the muscles, the heart and the blood.   

NYS CCSS-ELA Standards:

Reading Standard

CCRA.R.2 Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development ; summarize the key supporting details and ideas. 

CCRA.R.4 Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone. 

CCRA.R.10 Read and comprehend complex literary and informational texts independently and proficiently. 

Writing Standards

CCRA.W.4 Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. 

Speaking and Listening Standards

CCRA.SL.4 Present information, findings, and supporting evidence such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, and style and appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

Language Standards 

CCRA.L.5 Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings. 

CCRA.L.6 Acquire and use a range of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when encountering an unknown term important to comprehension or expression. 

Applicable NYS ELL Standards: 

Standard 1 – Social and Instructional Language 
English language learners communicate for social and instructional purposes within the school setting. 

Standard 2 – Language of Language Arts 

English language learners communicate information, ideas and concepts necessary for academic success in the content area of language arts. 

Standard 4 – Language of Science
English language learners communicate information, ideas and concepts necessary for academic success in the content area of science.

Objectives:

Content Objective: Students will be able to identify main idea about different body parts.

Language Objective: Students will be able to write and say the main idea and supporting details using jigsaw within their groups.

Key Vocabulary:

  • Head
  • Shoulder
  • Arms
  • Eyes
  • Nose
  • Legs
  • Skeleton
  • Heart
  • Muscles
  • Blood

Lesson Format for Body Works:

Essential Question:How does the body work?
Focus Question:What is the main function of each body part?
Academic LanguageUnderstanding the main idea and supporting it with details from the text. 
Guided Questions:What makes your body work??How does each body part work? What is the skeleton?What is muscle contraction?How fast does your heartbeat?What is the circulatory system?
Task:First students will complete the Do now: Complete the web diagram on the body parts that you knowStudents will read and listen to the science essayThey will complete a main idea chart for each section of the book that illustrates a different body part.  The students will do this by completing a jig saw reading assignment.  The class will be divided into four groups of four.  The home groups will be the student’s main group in class and the expert group will be divided into 4 sections: the skeleton, the muscles, the heart, and the blood.  Each expert group will read about their body part and find the main idea of that section. Students will then go back to their home group and teach each other about the body part they are experts on.  Students will listen to each classmate and complete a chart for each body part. At the end of the lesson each student will have a main idea diagram completed for each section of the book.  The exit slip will be to write the main idea of each body part: the skeleton, the muscles, the heart and the blood.   

Bloom’s Knowledge Matrix:

The Knowledge DimensionRememberUnder-standApplyAnalyzeEvaluateCreate
FactslistClassifyDescribeidentifyExplainRelate
ConceptsRecallTranslatePracticePoint outDevelopsupport
ProcessesDescribeIdentifydemonstrateoutlineComposeConclude
ProceduresmatchGive examplesillustrateQuestionCreateInterpret
PrinciplestellRecognizeApplyinfersynthesizeevaluate
MetacognitiveLabelRephraseshowAnalyzeReproduceExplain
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Reference:

Schulman, D. (2014). Escaping Freedom . In Inside: Language, Literacy, Content(pp. 350–357). Monterey, CA: National Geographic Learning/Cengage Learning.

Morris, A. (2013). Families. Columbus, O.H.: Zaner-Bloser.

Moore, D. W., Short, D. J., Smith, M. W., Tatum, A. W., & Villamil Tinajero, J. (2014). Inside: Language, Literacy, Content. Monterey, CA: National Geographic Learning/Cengage Learning

Wheeler, J., & Krames, C. (2000). Body works. Carmel, CA: Hampton-Brown.

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Artificial Intelligence, Augmented Reality, Digital Technologies, and Blockchain: Musings on Education and Language Acquisition in the Digital Age by Dr. Jasmin Bey Cowin

Gen Z and Gen Alpha continue to drive the expansion of augmented reality digital technologies (ARDTs) into all industries from corporate environments and marketing to health care, from gaming to language acquisition. Location-independent virtual environments hold the promise of exponential expansion beyond the brick-and-mortar presence of schools, colleges, universities, and other institutions of learning, such as virtual schools and universities.

GenZfinal

It is my great pleasure to share  my newest publication “Artificial Intelligence, Augmented Reality, Digital Technologies, and Blockchain: Musings on Education and Language Acquisition in the Digital Age”, JAN 16, 2020by LONDON-TVin BUSINESS

Artificial Intelligence, Augmented Reality, Digital Technologies, and Blockchain: Musings on Education and Language Acquisition in the Digital Age

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Reflections on Educational Equality for Students with Disabilities by Touro TESOL teacher candidate Kevin Mongan

As a Professor for TESOL and Bilingual Education, I focus on different domains during our semester-long journey.  This blog features Touro TESOL teacher candidate Kevin Mongan, a Social Studies Teacher from Sachem Central School District. He is seeking his TESOL Certificate to better assist his English Language Learner population and better himself as an educator. He appreciates the hard work and dedication of the Touro College Faculty and Staff.

This weeks focus are on:

Domain 2 – Culture (TESOL Domains )
Standard: Nature and Role of Culture

Candidates know, understand, and use the major concepts, principles, theories, and
research related to the nature and role of culture in language development and
academic achievement that support individual students’ learning.

Domain 3: Planning, Implementing, and Managing Instruction
Standard: Planning for Standards-Based ESL and Content Instruction
Candidates know, understand, and apply concepts, research, and best practices to
plan classroom instruction in a supportive learning environment for ESOL students.
Candidates serve as effective English-language models, as they plan for multilevel
classrooms with learners from diverse backgrounds using standards-based ESL and
content curriculum.

Reflective Journal:

In “Chapter 13: Educational Equality for Students with Disabilities,” written by Sara C. Bicard and William L. Heward, Multicultural Education: Issues and Perspectives by James A. Banks and Cherry A. McGee Banks, the reader is posed with a question that reaches into the core of every teacher: Am I providing ALL of my students with the best education I can provide for them? The authors present a statement very early in their piece:

The skill differences among most children are relatively small, allowing these children to benefit from the general education program offered by their schools. When the physical, social, and academic skills of children differ to such an extent that typical school curricula or teaching methods are neither appropriate nor effective, however, equitable access to and benefits from educational programs are at stake. (Bicard, p. 315)

Every teacher has had at least one moment where they asked themselves, am I doing enough? When students with disabilities, whether physical, social, or academic, are not being given the proper tools to succeed in their learning environment, they will not succeed. It is up to the classroom teacher, administration, family at home, and the students to make sure that their needs for success are constantly being maintained inside and outside of the classroom.

color coded 3
The authors explain how students with disabilities are identified and classified, how students with disabilities do not benefit from a single change to the classroom environment, and also, how not all students with disabilities will benefit from the same accommodations. The classification system for students with disabilities is often targeted as a problem than as a system that can lead to solutions. “Some educators believe the classification and labeling of exceptional students serve only to stigmatize and exclude them from the mainstream of educational opportunities” (p. 319). “Others argue that a workable system of classification is necessary to obtain the special education services and programs that are prerequisite to educational equality for exceptional students” (p. 319.) If labels and classifications are not present, how can general education teachers, special education teachers, parents, various professionals whose sole duty is to help the child, communicate common goals for the student? Real issues need real solutions and without having a real comprehension of the task at hand for all parties involved, the student can never benefit from any services provided because there would be no goal to reach or endgame in sight.

The authors then embark on a legislative study on how students with disabilities have been treated in the public education system of the United States. When students with disabilities were brought into public schools they were immediately judged and labeled, often cast aside and not granted access to the public school system. Students were labeled by their teachers as “slow learners” and “disciplinary problems” when they would act out in class, from the frustration of not understanding the material (p.320-321). In Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954), “the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that education must be available to all children on equal terms and that is unconstitutional to operate segregated schools under the premise that they are separate but equal” (p. 321). For most students and teachers, this case falls under the constructs of African-Americans and the Civil Rights Movement, however, to parents of children with disabilities, this ruling pushed the door wide open for students with disabilities to have the right for the best education they can receive in their local public school district. Laws would be created to further protect the right and liberties of those with disabilities, but under the amendments of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act, which renamed it the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), it “ensure[s] the rights of students with disabilities to a free appropriate public education, including early intervention services, and to provide the necessary supports for oversight for states, districts, schools, and educators to improve the educational results for students with disabilities” (p.322).

The final area of concern for the authors is the inequality and discrimination that students from “culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds” often face in special education. They are often overrepresented or underrepresented. The authors ask educators to focus on three specifics when it comes to students of culturally and linguistically diverse students: the assessment and placement procedures are sensitive to the student’s culture and language, appropriate services are provided to that students with their linguistic and cultural needs in mind, and lastly, that teachers and other professionals who work with the student understand the student’s culture and home values. “The instructional materials that educators use and the methods that they employ while teaching must be responsive to the differing cultural backgrounds of their students” (p. 334). Every professional that interacts with students with disabilities must contribute to the betterment of the students’ lives. It requires work on the professional’s part: not just teaching the curriculum as is, but adapting the curriculum every day to fit the needs of their student’s body. Respectful and sensitive teachers will make the special education setting a more trustworthy and worthwhile environment for students with disabilities.

2) Initial Emotional Response:
I have always found that pieces about students with disabilities always bring out a passion within me as an educator. I believe the root of passion is frustration. I try to provide my students with the best education possible and I know there is nothing I can control about what has happened before they walk through my classroom door, but I always encourage them to be the best students they can be, to always ask for help if they need it, and to truly give it their all. In turn, I will provide them with the best education I can. I know that not all teachers extend so much of themselves into the classroom and into the lives of their students but at least I know I am doing my part. We, as educators, always need to be advocates for our students. If they are struggling, our job is to get down to the root of the problem. Why are they struggling, what can I help them with, where can I access resources to provide them with the help that they need? All of these questions should flow through the mind of a passionate educator when their students struggle. To quote Bicard, “Good teachers must…be responsive to changes (or lack of changes) in individual students’ performance” (p. 334). We always need to be invested in the betterment of the lives of our students. If we are not, why do we do it?

3) Prior Assumption/Opinion
As an educator, I had always assumed that students with disabilities have been slowly but surely been granted the rights to an equal and equitable public education over time. Just African-Americans, women, and Native Americans had to wait for the right to vote, as African-Americans had to wait for equal access to public education, and as Civil Liberties were protected under the law for all Americans, students with disabilities received equal protection under the law as people fought for the rights of their children and their students. In a country where “all men are created equal,” it is often forgotten that most Americans had to wait, fight, and wait a little longer to be fully protected by the legislative body of the U.S. government.

4) Source of Assumption
As a social studies teacher, I discuss the protection of freedoms regularly. But rarely do we discuss the freedoms of the student or the freedoms of the education that we are entitled to as Americans. We have to consistently wait for, fight for, and plead for equality across all facets of American life, but at least we know, that all have access to a free, public education. It is what we do with that access that defines our futures.
5) Assumption Check
According to Bicard and Williams, “Teachers must have the knowledge and skills to recognize and to be instructionally responsive to the diversity their students represent…[the chapter] lays the foundations for teachers to examine educational equity for learners with diverse skills” (p. 316). Most teachers assume they can spot a student’s issues or disabilities from a specific assessment or from simple encounters with the student. Educators understand that students with disabilities have rights, but teachers have the responsibility to make sure that those rights are not only be protected, but they are being fulfilled through every single school day for the betterment of the lives of their students. Educators must continue to challenge the educational hierarchy so that they can provide their students with most fair educational system that can be created. Bicard and Williams said, “All students are alike in that they can benefit from an appropriate education that enables them to do things they were previously unable to do and to do things with greater independence and enjoyment” (p. 317). If educators can provide their students with the skills and necessaries to become as independent of the teacher as possible, lifelong learners can be created and nurtured.

6) Realization (Epiphany):
Educators need to always fight for the rights of their students. If teachers can unite under a common banner of student equity and teacher responsibility for their students, then teachers will work harder for their students. Teachers should not be judged for how their students perform on tests, teachers should be observed and guided toward creating a more positive, nurturing, and safe learning environment for their students. Encourage teachers to get to know their kids, to invite students up to their classrooms to eat lunch, to actively seek out parental involvement rather than avoiding them like the plague. Teachers should not be in the profession for the paycheck. They should be in the profession to foster passion in their subject area, to provoke thought, to provoke future citizenry and change, and to create future leaders of the world. The first thing that teachers need to do, as a whole, is a smile. Too many educators walk through the halls with a look of gloom and dissatisfaction on their faces. Say hello to a student, a colleague, a custodian, a secretary, and if you can’t take the moment to get a word out of your mouth, at least smile.
7) Implication of Future Teaching Practice:
Making sure every single one of our students has access to every resource we can guarantee them. Making sure our culturally and linguistically diverse student populations have the resources they need to succeed, not only within the four walls of the classroom, but in every hallway, every room, and in every step, they take inside and outside of school. Students from diverse backgrounds need to know where to access resources that can assist them and their families whenever they want them. A true teacher makes time for all of their students and makes time to make sure that all of their students are being taken care of. We may not have control over what happens in our students’ lives when they walk out of our classrooms, but we can encourage them to seek assistance, show them where resources are, and be a resource for them whenever they need it. I know that I can become better by making sure all of my students’ needs are being met. I do not keep a good record of the resources my students utilize and the accommodations that my students utilize as well. We often find ourselves separated from the other departments, but just as Bicard said, “our kids,” is becoming and needs to continue becoming the terminology used when describing our student body, if we truly want to watch a positive learning environment take hold.

References
Banks, J. A., & Banks, C. A. M. G. (2004). Multicultural education: Issues and perspectives. Hoboken, N.J: Wiley.

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An Exploration of Learning and Teaching in 3D Immersive Environments: Transcending Boundaries, Immersive Technology Trends

Attractive online programs are not aggregations of online courses filled with PDF documents, short video clips and discussion boards all housed in modules, featuring standardized learning objectives, extensive rubrics (and possibly chatbots in the future). In such environments individualized student teaching and learning is sacrificed on the altar of efficiency and standardization.

https://learningandteachingexchange.wordpress.com/2019/03/14/an-exploration-of-learning-and-teaching-in-3d-immersive-environments-transcending-boundaries-immersive-technology-trends/

Jasmin Cowin, Ed.D.
Assistant Professor, TESOL and Bilingual Programs
Graduate School of Education

Fluentworld

The Fork in the Road

It started with Minecraft and my son. His fascination and hours of focus on and in Minecraft, paying little attention to all the lovingly displayed books on his bedroom bookshelf drove me to shock, denial, anger, bargaining, depression and finally acceptance. Realizing that I would not win this particular battle, I decided to join him on his Minecraft, Mario and Pokémon forays. His total focus, relentless research into different winning or creation strategies, and astonishingly deft manipulation of objects in 3D environments, created an increasing fascination of these gaming technologies, nascent virtual spaces, open simulation environments and their possible future impact on institutions of learning, teachers, and learners.

Attractive Online Programs

As higher education is under increasing demographic and financial pressure, the forecast looks grim. The survey How Enrollment Challenges Can Spur Change released by the Chronicle of Higher Education, January 2018, found that 52 percent of private colleges and 44 percent of public colleges didn’t meet their enrollment goals in fall 2017. Thriving in a competitive atmosphere for student enrollment “the most popular responses to enrollment and revenue shortfalls remained the same: Start attractive new programs, improve enrollment strategies, and pump up marketing.”

Attractive online programs are not aggregations of online courses filled with PDF documents, short video clips and discussion boards all housed in modules, featuring standardized learning objectives, extensive rubrics (and possibly chatbots in the future). In such environments individualized student teaching and learning is sacrificed on the altar of efficiency and standardization.  Attractive online learning programs need to connect with students through better tools to support experiential learning, “the process whereby knowledge is created through the transformation of experience. Knowledge results from the combinations of grasping and transforming the experience.” (Kolb) While the current ed tech field is populated with many contenders (and expensive losers), I chose to focus on six current trends at the forefront of teaching and training simulations.

Dr. J’s Six Trends

Augmented Analytics focuses on a specific area of augmented intelligence, using machine learning (ML) to transform how analytics content is developed, consumed and shared. One day, data storytelling might become ubiquitous in Virtual Worlds (VW’s) democratizing “data visualization with narrative techniques across multiple experiences and channels.” https://www.gartner.com/webinar/3900998?pcp=wb_ddc&srcId=1-3478922220

360° photos are controllable panoramic images that surround the original point from which the shot was taken. Essentially, they are situating the learner in the shoes of a photographer, allowing a look around a photographed setting as if in the middle of it. 360-degree photograph

360° videos, a fairly recent technology, enables learners to not only look around and interact with the setting, as in the case of 360° photos, but place “the viewer within the context of a scene or event rather than presenting them as an outside observer, and giving the viewer the ability to control the orientation of the scene and viewing direction.” https://studio.knightlab.com/results/storytelling-layers-on-360-video/an-introduction-to-360-video/

3D simulations are computer-generated environments, recreating lifelike experiences where learners freely interact with objects in the 3D simulation. Learners “gain hands-on training to quickly master new knowledge needed to perform certain tasks, either completely new or part of increased job responsibilities.” https://blog.matrixlms.com/5-types-immersive-technology-training/

Virtual Reality (VR) needs a VR headset which immerses the learner in the 3D environment, a Virtual World (VW). VW’s are becoming increasingly popular not only for gaming but also for teaching and learning in schools, professional environments, colleges and universities worldwide. According to Educational Virtual Environments “Virtual Reality (VR) immersive technologies support the creation of synthetic, highly interactive three dimensional (3D) spatial environments that represent real or non-real situations” (Mikropoulos and Natsis, 2010, p. 769).

MR (Mixed Reality) takes VR a step even further, as it introduces elements of Augmented Reality (AR)  in learning environments. AR’s “primary objective is to provide a rich audiovisual experience. AR works by employing computerized simulation and techniques such as image and speech recognition, animation, head-mounted and hand-held devices and powered display environments to add a virtual display on top of real images and surroundings.” https://www.techopedia.com/definition/4776/augmented-reality-ar

IN JokaidiaGRID

Richly conceived 3D environments feature all 7 e-learning affordances and lend themselves to a more communicative approach and the flipped classroom model. Unique technological characteristics such as the creation of 3D spatial representations, multisensory channels for user interaction and intuitive interaction through natural manipulations in real time enable more holistic teaching and  learning experiences. While the field is not quite there yet in terms of full online immersion teaching spaces, it is at the cusp of viability.  Working in beta spaces carries risks and rewards.  Risks are limited functionality, tech issues, and a learning curve for institutions, facilitators and students. However, creating novel tech experiences in 3D environments prepares not only students but also institutions for  the Fourth Industrial Revolution which according to Klaus Schwab ” is characterized by a range of new technologies that are fusing the physical, digital and biological worlds, impacting all disciplines, economies and industries, and even challenging ideas about what it means to be human.”

Works Cited

B, Livia. “5 Types of Immersive Technology for Training.” MATRIX Blog, MATRIX, 19 Mar. 2018, blog.matrixlms.com/5-types-immersive-technology-training/.

Carlson, Scott. “How Enrollment Challenges Can Spur Change.” The Chronicle of Higher Education, The Chronicle of Higher Education, 21 Jan. 2018, http://www.chronicle.com/article/How-Enrollment-Challenges-Can/242276.

“Data Storytelling With Multiexperiences.” Gartner IT Glossary, Gartner, Inc., http://www.gartner.com/webinar/3900998?pcp=wb_ddc&srcId=1-3478922220.

“The Fourth Industrial Revolution, by Klaus Schwab.” World Economic Forumhttp://www.weforum.org/about/the-fourth-industrial-revolution-by-klaus-schwab.

Kolb, David A. Experiential Learning: Experience as the Source of Learning and Development. Pearson Education, Inc., 2015.

Mikropoulos, Tassos A., and Antonis Natsis. “Educational Virtual Environments: A Ten-Year Review of Empirical Research (1999–2009).” Computers & Education, vol. 56, no. 3, 2011, pp. 769–780., doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2010.10.020.

Shukla, Umang, et al. “An Introduction to 360° Video.” Knight Lab Studio, studio.knightlab.com/results/storytelling-layers-on-360-video/an-introduction-to-360-video/.

Taylor, Stephen. “The Fork In The Road.” PoemHunter.com, 15 Feb. 2009, http://www.poemhunter.com/poem/the-fork-in-the-road-2/.

“What Is 360-Degree Photograph? – Definition from WhatIs.com.” WhatIs.com, whatis.techtarget.com/definition/360-degree-photograph.

The Rotary Club of New York’s United Nations International Breakfast Meeting presents: The Honorable Ambassador Elin Suleymanov to Azerbaijan

As Chair of the Rotary Club of New York’s UN International Breakfast Meetings it is my great pleasure to announce that on Wed, July 29, 2020 we will welcome The Honorable Ambassador Elin Suleymanov to Azerbaijan. Please register

https://www.eventbrite.com/e/rcny-international-breakfast-via-zoom-tickets-114575482352

In October of 2011, the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev appointed Elin Suleymanov as Azerbaijan’s Ambassador to the United States of America. Prior to that, for over five years, Mr. Suleymanov had been the nation’s first Consul General to Los Angeles and the Western States leading the team, which established Azerbaijani diplomatic presence on the West Coast. Earlier, he served as Senior Counselor at the Foreign Relations Department, Office of the President in Baku, Azerbaijan and as Press Officer of the Azerbaijani Embassy in Washington, DC. Mr. Suleymanov’s experience before joining diplomatic service includes working with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Azerbaijan and Glaverbel Czech, a leading manufacturing company in East-Central Europe.

A graduate of the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy in Medford, Massachusetts, Mr. Suleymanov also holds graduate degrees from the Political Geography department of the Moscow State University, Russia, and from the University of Toledo, Ohio. Mr. Suleymanov has authored numerous articles and is a frequent presenter at academic events. He speaks Azerbaijani, English, Russian languages.

The COVID19 Budget Crunch and Implications on the NYC Department Education Budget

The Peterson Foundation states that “State and local governments fund many of the services that Americans come into contact with on a daily basis, including education, healthcare, infrastructure, income support programs, and police departments. However, governors, state budget officers, and economists are warning that state budgets have been severely impacted by the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.”

The Peterson Foundation states that “State and local governments fund many of the services that Americans come into contact with on a daily basis, including education, healthcare, infrastructure, income support programs, and police departments. However, governors, state budget officers, and economists are warning that state budgets have been severely impacted by the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.”

In the wake of COVID19, New York City has had to make significant budget cuts for the Department of Education (DOE). For this reason, 3-K for All will no longer be expanding to Districts 1 (Chinatown, East Village, Lower East Side), 12 (Central Bronx), 14 (Greenpoint, Williamsburg), and 29 (Southeast Queens) in September 2020; instead, the DOE plans to offer 3-K in these districts beginning in fall 2021. The DOE will continue to offer year-round programs as planned, including in Districts 1, 12, 14, and 29. These programs, including Head Start, are still available on the 3-K application for families who qualify based on their income and needs. To learn more about eligibility, visit nyc.gov/3k.  

One of the biggest cuts to the DOE budget is a $40 million cut to School Allocation Memorandums, which allow principals to use money for what they need at their schools, officials said. There’s also a hiring freeze that’s expected to save the DOE millions. Per Carranza’s letter to teachers, that means “that virtually all vacant positions will not be backfilled. ”

NYC Department of Education Chancellor Richard Carranza sent staffers an email on July 1, 2020 that summarized the following budget cuts:

While many important questions remain, I want to share what we know about the budget.  

Overall, the Adopted Budget includes $400 million in new cuts, and $125 million in restorations of previous cuts, across FY 2020 and FY 2021.  

New cuts to FY 2021 include:  

  • $50 million in summer busing savings as a result of Summer in the City programming going remote this summer.  
  • $30 million in savings to central and field offices resulting from the hiring freeze and OTPS reductions. As stated to divisional COOs, this means that virtually all vacant positions will not be backfilled.  
  • $10 million in cuts to the Schools Out NYC (SONYC) afterschool program.
  • $21 million in cuts to per session budgets, reducing the amount of enrichment, services, and support for students outside of the school day, as well as teacher professional development. 
  • Reductions to centrally-administered school support initiatives, including Comprehensive School Support, EduStat, Teaching Fellows, Teacher’s Choice, Teacher and Principal Leadership programs, and Community Schools.   
  • Further reductions to central OTPS budgets that support travel, food, and other contract spending. 

We will continue to keep you posted as developments arise, but it’s also important to recognize that there was some positive news. Restorations of previous cuts include:  

  • A previously proposed $100 million Fair Student Funding reduction has now been restored. A school-based hiring freeze remains in effect.  
  • The Single Shepherd program, as well as certain social worker positions, have been restored after previously proposed cuts. This will maintain critical academic and mental health counseling support to historically underserved schools.  

Even with these restorations, going back to last July, the net impact of budget reductions over Fiscal Years 2020 and 2021 has been over a billion dollars.  

And that is sobering news!